Chapter 6: Links and Images

Anchored Links...

Without Links, the World Wide Web wouldn't be a web at all! To add a link... you will use the <a href="location"> opening tag and </a> closing tag. Whatever appears between these two tags will become underlined and colored, and if you click on the underlined text it will send the browser to the location within the quotes.

Example of a link...

Visit Sybase South Africa!

Visit <a href="">Sybase South Africa</a>!

Note: Although Links are usually used to send people to other web pages, you may also use it to send email to a specific address by using a location of mailto:user@host.

Example of a Mailto: Link...

Send email to the Webmaster!

Send email to <a href="">the Webmaster</a>!

In-line Images...

You may also add images (pictures) to your web page, as long as the image is in the .gif or .jpg (or .jpeg) file formats. You will not be able to use .bmp format files! The basic tag for in-line images in <img src="location">. It is also recommended to add HEIGHT and WIDTH attributes to the IMG tag, which will allow the image to take proper proportions on a browser that is not currently viewing images. It is also recommended to use the ALT="what picture is" to tell a person what a picture is in case it is still loading or they are not viewing images. (The IMG tag has no closing tag!)

Example of a basic in-line image...

Get Internet Explorer Now

<img src="ie.gif"ALT="Get Internet Explorer Now">
Combining Links and Images...

Many times you may want to have an image that is linked, so that if someone clicks the image, they will be taken to another page. This is rather simple- you just need to place the IMG tag within the A HREF tags. (<a href="location_of_link"><img src="location_of_image"></a>) You may also use the ALIGN tags with images!
When an image is also a link, it has a border around it by default. You can control the width of the border - or turn it off completely - by using border=n within the img tag. n is the width of the border (n = 0 for no border).
Example of a linked image...

<a href=""><img src="ie.gif" align=right border=0></a>

Your own HTML page...

Right click on the image in the centre of the black-bordered box below, and select "Save Image As" / "Save Picture As", or similar. Save it as "bullet.gif" in the same directory where your home page "Home.htm" is stored.

Bullet Image bullet.gif

Add the following to your HTML page ("Home.htm"): (the blue text is what to add)

<head><title>My Home Page</title></head>
<body background="bgnd.gif">
<center><font color="Blue"><h1>YOURNAME's Home Page</h1></font></center>
This is the home page of <a href="mailto:YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS"><img src="bullet.gif" border=0><b>YOURNAME</b>.<img src="bullet.gif" border=0></a>
<p>Type something about yourself here. Describe briefly who you are and what you do for a living. Remember to use bold and italic text, for emphasis.</p>

Save the text file as "Home.htm".
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